Butcher, Baker and Candlestick maker; 900 years of heritage in a walk around town through the eyes of the tradesmen

Butcher, Baker and Candlestick maker

Walk and talk around the town, 900 years of history through the eyes of the traders and shopkeepers.


1. Lancasters family butchers is the oldest business in the town, GW Lancaster opened his shop at 47 Queen Street in 1892.

2. 1827, a local Farmer had a cow stolen, it’s hide was spotted in a tanner’s yard in Caistor. The Tanner said he got it from a butcher in Rasen, who had bought from the prisoner in the Red Lion. The prisoner Richard Balderson was transported to Tasmania for life.

3. 1920s, Mr Kennington, the Butcher was serving Mr Rhodes, the Solicitor, “Sir, who is responsible if a dog steals my meat?” “The owner” was the reply. The Butcher said “Then Sir, you owe me 3/- for the joint” The Solicitor paid there and then. Next day Mr Kennington received a bill for 4/6- for professional serves from Mr Rhodes.

4. A Cocking & Son 1930s

5. Butcher’s Arms in the Market Place surrounded by several butcher shops. In 1843, the trade directory listed Mr N D Lister as the landlord.

The Marrow Bone and Cleaver another pub associated with the butchers. In 1851 census, there are 12 Butchers listed in the town.

6. There were at least 2 slaughterhouses, site of the Library and in Chapman Street. The cattle markets were held in the Market Place and then in Linwood Road.

7. May 1954, the local Butchers had a dinner in the Gordon Arms to celebrate the end of meat rationing.

8. Market Rasen Meat C0mpany 1900s


9. Tudor times there were 5 millers in the town. Millers were sometimes bakers.

10. 1843, auction notice for the sale of a Corn Smock Windmill in Lammas Leas Road and a dwelling house, shop and bake house on the eastside of the Market Place- Mr George Johnson.

11. 1923, Harry Starbuck opens a bakers and confectioners with a small café at the rear in Union Street. The bakery was in Waterloo Street. The bakery moved to Union Street when Myers Bakers moved out. Refurbished in 1983. The shop closed in 2018, the bakery continues.

12. Burn Bros was also in Union Street. They were bakers but also grocers and butchers. As was the Cottingham Brothers.

13. 1959, Christmas Day, there was a football match Butchers & Bakers v Firemen, to raise money for the Firemen’s charity.

14. 1977, Starbucks and Cottingham Bros. as independent bakers were not on strike. They worked around the clock and baked 3x as normal.

15. 1917, Baker’s Night. 5 bakers were in front of the Tradesmen Exemption Tribunal for themselves and their staff. They were given exemption as long as they join the local volunteer unit. The newspaper asked who was going to provide the town with bread if all the bakers went to war!

16. 1818, Population of 1,160 only 38 men were allowed to vote. 1 Miller and 1 Bakers were wealthy enough to qualify. George Johnson and William Rawson.

Candlestick maker

17. Difficult to say who was a candle stick maker. Blacksmiths, Whitesmiths, Ironmongers and Tin workers. Later, the drapers and department stores would sell candles and sticks. Now it is done on the internet!

18. Candles- 1891, the old candle factory in John Street became the Masonic Hall.

19. Tudor wills and probates of the residents shows that there was at least 1 ironmonger and I tallow chandler in the town. In 1822-35, the Trade directories list Mr. Clark and his sons as Tallow chandlers.

 20. Not all candlestick makers but in 1851 census-

          1 Ironmonger & tinplate maker; 1 Ironmonger; 1 Ironmonger & whitesmith; 1 brazier, tinman & Ironmonger; 1 whitesmith; 2 tinplate workers; 12 blacksmiths.

21. 1856, the first issue of the Market Rasen Mail, an advert for J Woffindin, Queen Street- Whitesmith, gunsmith, bell-hanger, manufacturer of tin, zinc, copper goods. Kitchen ranges. In 1868 moved to 2/3 Market Place. John died in 1884, and the family continued to run the business until 1907 when it was sold to Walter Coates.

22. Walter Coates He was born in Hull into a family of Whitesmiths. He worked in the family business until he bought the shop in Rasen. By 1937, he had the shop and a warehouse in John Street. He died in 1964, his son continued into the 1980s.

23. Thompson & son 1861-1930 in the town John and son William. Several properties in the town, last was 22 Queen Street. Advert in 1933 listed H Thompson as the “Lamp people” lamp fittings and incandescent mantles

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